Hokkaido is the northernmost prefecture of Japan, consisting of the large island of Hokkaido and several smaller islands. The prefectural capital is Sapporo, which is also the largest city on the island and the fifth-largest city in Japan. Hokkaido is known for its natural beauty, including mountains, lakes, hot springs, and national parks. The region is also famous for its food, including fresh seafood, dairy products, and a variety of unique local dishes. In winter, Hokkaido is a popular destination for skiing and other winter sports, while in summer, visitors can enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and cycling.